Physiotherapy is a specialist branch of medicine that helps remediate impairments in movement, and promote patients’ quality of life through physical intervention to improve mobility and function. Physiotherapy is a science that seeks to improve movement dysfunction, promote optimal health and functions of the human body. It is a healthcare profession which provides services to individuals and populations to develop, maintain and restore maximum movement and functional ability throughout life. This includes providing services in circumstances where movement and function are threatened by aging, injury, disease or environmental factors.

Physiotherapy is a primary health care profession aimed at enhancing mobility, physical independence & quality of life. It is focused on; treating a variety of conditions and promoting health & well-being. It is also prescribed to individuals who vary in; age and athletic ability. Physiotherapists are skilled in the hands-on management of medical problems.

What does a Physiotherapist do?

  • They are the first-line health professionals who are skilled in health promotion, injury prevention and patient management.
  • They diagnose and make decisions on the presenting problem
  • They treat the individuals by using education, exercise, electrotherapy, and manual therapy techniques and maneuvers.
  • They rehabilitate the individuals to achieve the best functional level

How do Physiotherapists Approach Patient Care?

They are Patient-friendly and:

  • Pursue the individual goals and aspirations of their patients
  • Tackle the root cause of physical health problems

Release clients in good health as quickly as possible

What specific conditions do Physiotherapists treat?


  • Back and neck pain
  • Arthritis and osteoarthritis
  • Fractures or Sprains
  • Joint replacements
  • Sports injuries
  • Muscle, tendon and Ligament Injuries



  • Decreased pain
  • Improved joint mobility and strength
  • Restored physical function and injury prevention 

Possibly prevent or delay surgery


  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Heart disease 
  • Respiratory infections
  • Post-surgical care


  • Improved breathing and secretion clearance 
  • Reduced breathlessness and increased endurance
  • Increased strength of arms and legs


  • Developmental delay
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Stroke


  • Improved balance, coordination, strength, flexibility, and function
  • Ability to manage daily tasks 
  • Reduced pain
  • Improved mood 

Women’s Health

  • Pre & Post Delivery health 
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Incontinence


  • Reduced post-surgical pain and swelling
  • Improved pelvic pain and urinary incontinence
  • Improved post delivery health status


Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT): 4 ½ years (Including Six Months of Internship)

Major Subjects to be studied in BPT (May vary the order from University to University)

First year: Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Biomechanics, Psychology, Sociology

Second year: Pathology, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Exercise therapy, Electrotherapy, Research

Third year: Orthopedics & Sports Physiotherapy, Medicine, Cardio Respiratory Physiotherapy

Fourth year: Neurology & Neurosurgery Physiotherapy, Community Medicine & Community Based Rehabilitation, Paediatric Physiotherapy, Research Project

Master of Physiotherapy (MPT): 2 Years


  • Master of Physiotherapy in Musculoskeletal Disorders and Sports
  • Master of Physiotherapy in Neurological and Psychosomatic Disorders 
  • Master of Physiotherapy in Cardiorespiratory Disorders and Intensive Care
  • Master of Physiotherapy in Pediatric Physiotherapy
  • Master of Physiotherapy in Obstetrics and Gynaecology/ Women Health
  • Master of Physiotherapy in Community Physiotherapy
  • Master of Physiotherapy in Hand Rehabilitation
  • Master of Physiotherapy in Geriatrics

PhD Physiotherapy

Eligibility Criteria

Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)

10+2 /PUC with Physics,Chemistry and Biology (PCB) Combination

Minimum Marks required is 50% in PCB (May vary from University to University and Institution to Institution)

Master of Physiotherapy (MPT)

Minimum 50% marks in BPT (May vary from University to University and Institution to Institution)

PhD Physiotherapy

After completion of MPT with minimum 50% marks in MPT (May vary from University to University and Institution to Institution)

Entrance Examination

There is no Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) specific All India Entrance Exam. 

Job Profiles

There are a lot of career opportunities for the physiotherapists to work across the country and even abroad. The usual positions they obtain are:




Clinical Positions:

  • Community Organisations
  • Fitness Centers/ Gymnasiums
  • Hospitals
  • Industrial workplaces or other occupational environments
  • Multinational companies for fitness of their employers
  • Paediatric / Geriatric Homes/Special schools
  • Private Clinics
  • Private Practices
  • Rehabilitation Centres
  • Sporting Clubs & Teams

Top Recruiters

  • Apollo Hospitals.
  • Aster MIMS group of Hospitals
  • Defence Ministry of India.
  • Fortis Healthcare Company.


major Institutions (national level)
Institutions in Kerala offering Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)
Institutions in Kerala offering Master of Physiotherapy (MPT)
Name of the InstitutionDistrict
  Co-op Hospital Federation, Thalassery   Kannur
  School of Medical Education, Gandhinagar, MG University   Kottayam
  AWH Special College, Kallai   Kozhikode
  Bethany Navajeevan College of Physiotherapy, Nalanchira   Trivandrum
Institutions offering B. E. Polymer Engineering
Institutions in Karnataka
Medical College Attached Institutions
Other Colleges
Institutions in Tamil Nadu

Questions & Answers​

Q) Do Physiotherapists use equipment to treat patients?

A) Physiotherapists are trained to treat their patients mostly by using physiotherapy techniques/ maneuvers but in some cases physiotherapists use equipments of electrotherapeutic modalities like; Laser, Ultrasound, Infra Red, Shockwave Therapy, Body Weight Assisted Treadmill Training, Functional Electrical Stimulation, Electromyography etc.

Q) Do Physiotherapists use Medicines to treat patients?

A) Physiotherapists usually don’t use medications for the treatment of their patients. However, sometimes they use some externally applicable medicated ointments along with the electro therapeutic modalities for the betterment of the patient condition. 

Physician adds years to the life…… Physios adds life to the years!!!

This page is supported by: Dr.Mohamed Faisal Chevidikunnan