Medical Microbiology

Microbiology is the study of microbes which can’t be observed by our naked eyes. Medical microbiology is a large subset of microbiology, concerned with the studies of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. Medical microbiology is both a branch of medicine and microbiology which deals with the study of microorganisms including bacteria, viruses and fungi  which are capable of causing diseases in human beings and other animals. Microorganisms are friends and foes so medical microbiology conveys ideas about microbial pathogenesis and epidemiology. This course aims to provide a comprehensive theoretical knowledge of medical microbiology which includes the spread of microorganisms, disease causation, diagnosis and treatment of pathogens of major significance to public health and advanced practical training in this diverse field. Nowadays, the increasing incidence of microbial infections worldwide has boosted the scope of medical microbiologist.

A medical microbiologist analyses the characteristics of pathogens, their mode of transmission, mechanisms of infection and their growth .Using this information’s treatments are done. Successful completion of courses in medical microbiology can provide students quick  employment as Medical Representative, Technical or Science Writer, Professor, Medical Lab Technician ,Microbiologists, Medical research technicians etc. Common employment avenues will be private hospitals and clinics, pharmaceutical companies, university-affiliated teaching hospitals, institutions related with health and medical research, veterinary hospitals, etc.


B.Sc. Medical Microbiology

Bachelor of Science in Medical Microbiology is an undergraduate Microbiology course. This course is of three-year duration, but it depends on the different institutes differently.

Duration: 3 Years

Graduation Type: Degree

Eligibility: Candidates should have passed 10+2 with physics, chemistry and Biology 

BSc Medical Microbiology is offered as a professional course by some health universities and institutions, which takes 4 years to complete.

Syllabus of BSc Medical Microbiology:

Major subjects covered in the course, as prescribed by various universities and colleges, small variations may be observed for different universities.

Basic Physics, Biochemistry, Biophysics, General Microbiology, Clinical Pathology, Human Physiology, Human Anatomy, Immunohematology, Industrial Microbiology, Medical Laboratory Techniques with Biostatistics, Medical Parasitology and Entomology, Principles of Blood Transfusion, Systemic Bacteriology, Systemic Bacteriology

M.Sc. Medical Microbiology

Master of Science in Medical Microbiology is a postgraduate Microbiology course. This course is of two-year duration.

Duration: 2 Years

Graduation Type: Post Graduation

Syllabus of MSc Medical Microbiology:

Major subjects covered in the course, as prescribed by various Universities and Colleges, this may vary slightly for different universities.

Bacteriology & Psychology, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics and computer application

Biostatistics, Environmental Microbiology & Microbial Biodiversity, Immunology

Industrial Microbiology & Food Microbiology, Instrumentation & Its Biological Application

Medical Microbiology, Microbial Genetics, Microbial Physiology, Molecular Biology, Mycology, R-DNA Technology & Microbial Production of Recombinant Molecule, Virology, Project (Industrial & Training Project)

PhD in Medical Microbiology

Doctor of Philosophy in Medical Microbiology is a doctorate program. Candidates who would like to continue their studies in medical microbiology can further study M.Phil. or PhD. Course in medical microbiology. Many specializations are available like immunology, clinical pathology, PhD in medical microbiology is offered by many universities in India like Jamia Hamdard, AIIMS etc.

Duration: 3-6 years

Required Skills and Aptitude

The structure and growth of industry define the skill set essential for a Microbiologist to incorporate. While the field principally deals with the characteristics of microorganisms, its applications are vast. Therefore, a Microbiologist must conform to specific standards prescribed by the concerned industry. 

Here are some skills you can magnify while pursuing your interests in the field of Microbiology:

General: Science, Critical thinking, Active learning, Monitoring, Judgement, Social perceptiveness, Quality control

Domain specific: Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, Medicine, Genetics, English, IT

Ethical: Integrity, Objectivity, Accountability, Initiative, Analytical approach, Innovation, Self-control

Eligibility Criteria

BSc MicroBiology 

Plus two (12th std) course with biology

MSc Microbiology

BSc Microbiology/BSc Biological Science / BSc MLT. In colleges, admission is based on merit and in Universities through entrance test

MD Microbiology 



Msc in Microbiology or  in similar disciplines

Entrance Examination

Job Profiles

A person with MD Microbiology can work in a scientific Lab and in Pathology Lab. He can also work inIndustries like Pharmacy, dairy, Breweries , Distilleries .Microbiologist can work as teaching faculty and research guide even if the institute does not have a course named Microbiology but it may be a subject for other courses. For example Food Technology, Biotechnology, Bioinformatics , Bio Chemistry etc

Top Recruiters

  • Food industries like Nesle
  • Hospital Groups
  • Medical coding Companies


National Premier Institutes:

  • The Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer (ACTREC)
  • All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS)
  • The Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD)
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISC)
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)
  • National Institute of Virology (NIV)
  • Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST)

Institutions offering BSc Microbiology:

  Al-Azhar Arts & Science, Perumpillichira   Idukki
  Assumption College, Changanassery   Kottayam
  Co-op Hospital Federation, Thalassery   Kannur
  EMEA College of Arts & Science, Kondotty   Malappuram
  GEMS Panangangara   Malappuram
  Govt. Arts & Science College, Kozhinjampara   Palakkad
  Guru Dev Arts & Science College, Payyannur   Kannur
  HM Arts & Science College Muvattupuzha   Ernakulam
  Indira Gandhi College Kothamangalam   Ernakulam
  Kansa Women's College   Kasaragod
  Majlis Arts and Science College, Puramannur   Malappuram
  MAMO College   Kozhikode
  Marthoma College, Thiruvalla   Pathanamthitta
  MES College Marampally   Ernakulam
  MES College, Chathamangalam   Kozhikode
  MET Arts & Science College   Kozhikode
  MHES College of Science and Technology, Vatakara   Kozhikode
  Pazhassi Raja College, Pulpally   Wayanad
  PGM College, Kangazha   Kottayam
  Presentation College, Puthenvelikara   Ernakulam
  S.D College   Alappuzha
  Sharaf College of Arts & Science, Padne   Kasaragod
  Sree Narayana College, Kannur   Kannur
  Sree Sankara College,Kalady   Ernakulam
  St. Mary’s College for Women, Paliakkara   Pathanamthitta
  St. Marys College, Thrissur   Thrissur
  St.Berchmans College, Changanacherry   Kottayam
  St. Pius Xth College, Rajapuram   Kasaragod
  St. Xaviers College For Women Aluva   Ernakulam
  University of Calicut, Centre for Health Science   Malappuram

Institutions offering MSc Microbiology:

Questions & Answers​

  1. Q) What Types of Job Roles for Microbiologists?


  1. A) Microbiologists are required for diverse jobs. The following are some of the job profiles that Microbiologists can take up after obtaining the necessary skills.
  • Research Assistant: These microbiologists engage in research activities associated with microorganisms, causes for the diseases, figuring out solutions or treatment for diseases etc. They assist higher-level researchers in varied activities in the field of science.
  • Biomedical Scientists: Biomedical Scientists carry out a wide range of scientific and laboratory tests to support the diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
  • Food Technologist: The major responsibility of the food technologist is to ensure safe and efficient development, manufacture and modification of food products and processes.  
  • Pharmacologist: Usually, pharmacologists specialise in a specific field of research such as pharmacokinetics, toxicology etc. Microbiologists can choose pharmacology as one of the subjects at the Ph.D. level.
  • Clinical & Veterinary Microbiologists: Veterinary microbiologists are veterinarians who specialise in the study of microorganisms that cause infectious diseases to animals.
  • Industrial Microbiologist: These microbiologists apply engineering and scientific principles to the processing of materials by microorganisms, plant and animal cells to create useful products or processes.
  • Environmental Microbiologist: The major responsibility of the environmental microbiologist is to study the microorganisms that exist in artificial environments such as bioreactors.
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