Forestry is an interdisciplinary profession which implements the science of managing, using and conserving forests and associated resources in a sustainable manner. The ultimate aim of forestry is to meet the desired goals, values and needs for human benefit and also to maintain environmental stability and restore the ecological balance. Forest is one of the major natural resources which face the challenges of dwindling cover areas due to overpopulation, farming and environmental factors.
Forestry management is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving and repairing forests and associated resources for human and environment benefits. Besides, forestry management is a division of forestry which deals with overall economic, social, administrative and legal aspects of scientific and technical knowledge related to growth and preservation of forests. It also includes silviculture, forest mensuration, conservation, managing natural resources, implementation of environment-friendly policies, pollution control methods and developing management methodologies. The skills involve planting and replanting of flora, timber extraction, preventing fire and cutting roads and pathways through forests etc.
Various courses are available in the field of forestry. You can pursue forestry courses at graduate, postgraduate, diploma as well as at Ph.D. level.
BSc in Forestry
It is a four year full time course. The whole course is divided into 8 semesters of six month duration each.
The course covers topics on the techniques of forestry, the various laws that have been passed by the government to protect forest and techniques of ecology and wildlife. Various subsidiary courses are available for B.Sc Agriculture, which focuses on each and individual aspects of forestry. The subsidiary courses included in the curriculum are:
- Basic Sciences and Humanities
- Forest Biology and Tree Improvement
- Forest Products and Utilization
- Natural Resource Management
- Silviculture and Agroforestry
It is a postgraduate course in Forestry and Wildlife. Nature lover students and those who want an adventurous career may choose this course.
Imparting theoretical and practical knowledge in the areas of forestry is the main aim of the M.Sc Forestry program. Managing forests, tree plantation and related natural resources are some of the topics that students pursue under this course. The course equips the students in understanding the multiple uses of forests, its maintenance and to prevent destruction of forests.
The specializations offered here are Forest Management, Forest Products, Wildlife Science, Forest Economics, Commercial Forestry, Agroforestry to name a few. You can further study and apply for M.Phil./PhD in this field to become a scholar and open more doors for yourself.
Other Courses in Forestry
There are certain certifications and diploma courses you can do inForestry. These are Certificate Course in Wildlife Management, Diploma in Zoo and Wild Animals Health Cure Management or Post Graduate Diploma in Forest Management (PGDFM).
Interested candidates can also go for M.Phil/PhD degree in Forestry that opens more career opportunities as well as hike in their salary.
In Kerala, Kannur University conducts a 3 year BSc Course on Forestry and it is not equivalent to 4 year BSc Forestry Courses.
Indian Forest Service
The Indian Forest Service (IFS) is one of the Civil Services Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for the recruitment officers at the All India level by the Government of India for the scientific management of its forests. It is one of the three All India Services. The other two All India Services being Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Indian Police Service (IPS). Indian Forest Service is one of the Civil Services of India and belongs to the apex All India Services group.
IFS services are placed under various State cadres and joint cadres though they have the mandate to serve both under the State and Central Governments. The main mandate of IFS service is the implementation of the National Forest Policy which aims to ensure environmental stability and maintenance of ecological balance. An IFS officer is largely independent of district administration and exercises administrative, judicial and financial powers in their own domain. All top positions in the state forest department are held by IFS officers.
Candidate should hold a Bachelor’s degree with at least one of the subjects namely, Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science, Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Physics, Statistics and Zoology or a Bachelor’s degree in Agriculture or Forestry or Engineering of a recognised university or equivalent.
Required Skills and Aptitude
The skills and aptitudes required for a career in the Forestry field include the following:
- Ability to analyze data
- Active listener
- Communication skills,
- Decision-making skills
- Genuine interest in forest and wildlife
- Good stamina
- Inclination for outdoors with no health issues
- Keen to take up challenges & adventure
- Managerial capabilities
- Mapping of the forest
- Meticulous and curious nature with observation skills
- Physical fitness
- Strong people skills
It is required for a science background to pursue a course in Forestry.
The Eligibility criteria for BSC Forestry is successful completion of Higher Secondary in Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB) as compulsory subjects and scored 40-50% aggregate marks. The admission process for B.Sc Forestry course is mostly entrance tests based at national or state or institution level.
Eligibility criteria for M Sc Forestry is a graduation in B Sc Forestry with 50% marks or in relevant subjects such as Horticulture or Agriculture etc . Some institutes have different eligibility for admission. The admission process is based on either merit-based or entrance tests.
The candidates can apply for the bachelor’s course in forestry post completing 10+2 examination with PCB/PCM/PCMB group. There are few of the common entrance exams offering admissions to this course.
ICAR- AIEEA UG: The ICAR All India Entrance Examination (AIEE) is organized to select the aspirants for admission in various undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral programs in agriculture and allied sciences. The ICAR AIEEA exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). Some of the universities/ colleges that accept ICAR AIEEA exam scores for UG course admissions include Agriculture University (AU), Birsa Agricultural University (BAU), Central Agricultural University (CAU), and many other colleges and universities.
Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination (JCECE): Conducted by JCECE Board for offering admissions in courses like Forestry, Agriculture, BHMS, and alike. It is an offline test. The application forms for this exam can be downloaded in the month of April. The only examination center of this exam is in Ranchi.
OUAT: A university level examination organized by Orissa University. It offers admission in various UG courses that are conducted in the month of June. It is an offline examination. OUAT exam offers admission in the courses related to agriculture, forestry, horticulture, and alike.
Some of the major entrance exams for PG courses in Agriculture is listed below:
- FRI Entrance
- ICAR AIEEA PG.
- JNU CEEB ( for M.Sc Biotechnology, M.Sc Agricultural Biotechnology)
- MCAER PG CET ( Maharashtra Agricultural University)
Most of the institutes are admitted based on ICAR AIEEA PG.
Some of the job profiles in the field of Forestry are as follows:
- Auditor – Forestry
- Field Investigator
- Forest Officer
- Forest Professionals
- Forest Range Officer
- Foresters Silviculturist
- Forestry Research
- Forestry Staff
- Forestry Technicians
- Natural Resource Technician
- Operations Forester
- Plantation Manager
- Sales/Business Development Officer
- Senior Forestry Consultant
- Teacher or Lecturer
- Tourist Guides
- Wildlife photographer
Forestry Science is a field that offers a wide range of career avenues and Forestry experts can find job opportunities both in public sector and private organizations. Followings are some of the firms where jobs for Forestry experts are available.
- Ballarpur Industries Limited
- Bamboo Industry
- Centre for Forestry Research & Human Resource Development
- Century Paper Mill
- Forest Research Institute
- Forest Survey of India
- Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education
- ITC Bhadrachalam Paper Boards Limited
- K Corps Limited
- Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govern
- NTFP cultivation
- Orient Paper Mills
- Star Paper Mills
- Timber & plywood industry
- WIMCO Match Industry
State Forest Preservation Departments like:
- Forest & Environment Department of Government of Gujarat
- Forest Department Kerala
- Institute of Forest Genetics & Tree Breeding, Coimbatore
- Institute of Forest Productivity, Ranchi
Forestry Opportunities in foreign countries
The candidates can also find numerous job openings in foreign countries with various departments such as Office of Environment and Heritage, Department of Premier and Cabinet Environment Protection Authority, etc. The remunerations of aspirants in these foreign country firms will also be much higher than one gets from their home land.
Institutions offering BSc Forestry in India
Institutions offering MSc Forestry in India
Questions & Answers
Q) What is BSc Forestry?
A) A sub-branch of Agriculture, this undergraduate course provides the student’s specialization in Forest and the environmental issues. The course is specifically for the students of the Science stream who are enthusiastic about environmental protection and wildlife management. This course teaches the students the art and science of managing forests, natural resources, and trees.Scope of BSc in Forestry is not an only limited forest but it also focuses on community protection, wildlife habitat, landscape protection, natural water protection, etc.
Q) Why Choose BSc Forestry?
A) This course will give the students a direct impact as an environmentalist and forest protector and developer. If an individual is interested in adventures, outdoor activities, trekking, nature, then B.Sc in Forestry will be a perfect fit for them. This course is for students who aim to bring in a massive change in ecosystem balance and protect wildlife from massive extinction. The course offers various areas of forest management and resource management in which a student can specialize in. The job opportunities are diverse for BSc Forestry graduates and .
Q) Can MSc Forestry be pursued after Undergraduation in other domains?
A) Yes, BSc Forestry can be pursued by students who clear ICAR exams, irrespective of their undergrad background.
Q) Is BSc Forestry similar to BSc Botany?
A) No, BSc Forestry deals with forest resources and wildlife whereas BSc botany deals with Plantlife.
Q) Can an aspirant pursue a BSc Forestry course from distance education?
A) No, you cannot pursue BSc Forestry from distance learning.
Q) Can I do MSc Forestry after BTech?
A) Yes, You are eligible for MSc Cellulose & Paper Technology after completion of your BTech