Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS)
Ibn-e- Sina, popularly known as Avicenna, one of the greatest scholars of Unani Tibb (medicine), described Unani Medicine as “It is the science through which we learn different states of the body through terms of health and, if not in terms of health, and the means by which health is likely to be lost and, if lost, restored.”
Unani-tibb or Unani Medicine is a form of traditional medicine practiced in countries of the Middle East and South Asia. It refers to a tradition of Graeco-Arabic medicine based on the teachings of Greek physicist Hippocrates and Roman physicist Galen and developed by Arab and Persian physicists including Rhazes (al-Razi), Avicenna (Ibn-e- Sina), Al-Zahrawi, and Ibn Nafis into an elaborate medical system in the middle ages.
It originated nearly 2500 years ago in Greece, which is originally herbo-animo- mineral (approximately 90 percent herbal, 4-5 percent natural, and 5-6 percent mineral). Not only is it the original science of medicine but also a rich storehouse of medicine principles and philosophies that can be of immense value to medicine in particular and to science in general.
It is a comprehensive medical system dealing meticulously with the different health and disease states. It offers healthcare which is promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative. The system ‘s fundamental, diagnostic, and treatment modalities are based on scientific principles and holistic health and healing concepts. Accordingly, in relation to its environment, it considers individuals and stresses body, mind and soul wellbeing. A patient’s disposition (Mizaj) is given great importance in diagnosing and treating diseases. Temperament is often taken into account when determining the most acceptable diet and lifestyle for supporting a specific individual’s health. Despite constant neglect, this art of healing not only survives but also compliments other medicine systems.
The Unani Health System includes treatment of diseases linked to many of the human body ‘s processes and organs. Treatments for chronic skin, liver, musculoskeletal, and reproductive conditions, immunological, and lifestyle disorders were found to be highly effective and appropriate. Unani System of Medicine’s unique features are the use of elatives, exhilarants, aphrodisiacs, organ-specific tonics and immunomodulatory drugs, temperament-specific drugs, adverse effect correctives, coctives and purgatives etc. Within Unani Medicine Process, cosmoceutics, nutraceutics, aromatics and the related therapies are essential components of treatment.
For both health and illness, Unani physicians give primary importance to a person’s diet and digestive status. It is recommended that different food regimens be used when treating patients according to their disposition. Proper diets are supposed to produce good humors (Akhlā\āliā) while bad humors (Akhlā\ Radiyya) are produced by improper diets. Thus, medication coupled with proper diet can correct the humoral imbalance. The physician prescribes the drugs according to the patient’s temperament, causative humour, involved organ faculty and disease severity. Such medications are categorized according to the particular personality (Mizāj), and are graded according to their efficacy in the first, second , third and fourth degree.
It is currently practiced in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan , Sri Lanka, Nepal, China, Iran , Iraq, Malaysia , Indonesia, the countries of Central Asia, and the Middle East. In India over the years the system has been scientifically developed, nurtured and continuously incorporated into the healthcare delivery system.
Unani system of medicine also benefited from the native medical systems in vogue at the time in various parts of Central Asia. That is why this system is known, in different parts of the world, with different names such as Greco-Arab Medicine, Ionian Medicine, Arab Medicine, Islamic Medicine, Traditional Medicine, Oriental Medicine etc.
In India, stating that admission to B.U.M.S. courses on the basis of scores obtained in NEET would be made compulsory. The state counseling authorities shall issue the application forms for admission to the degree course by a stipulated date for the interested candidates.
Under Graduate Level: The basic degree in Unani system is Kamil-e-Tibb wa Jarahat (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery – BUMS) which is of 5 1/2 years duration (including 1 year internship).
Post Graduate Level: The postgraduate education is offered for a duration of three years leading to the degree of Mahir-e-Tib (MDUnani) and Mahir-e-Jarahat (MS- Jarahat) respectively.
Major Specialties in Unani Medicine
|Course- MD||Leading to specialty|
|Kulliyat-Umoor-e-Tabiya||Basic Principles of Unani Medicine|
|Amraz-e-Jild-o-Zohrawayia||Dermatology and Veneriel Diseases|
|Tahaffuzi-wa-Samaji Tib||Preventive and Social Medicine|
|Ilaj Bit Tadabeer||Regimental Therapy|
Major Specialties in Unani Medicine
|Course- MS||Leading to specialty|
|Amraze-e-Uzn, Anaf-wa-Halaq||Diseases of Ear, Nose and Throat|
|Ilmul Qabalat-wa-Amraz-e-Niswan||Obstetrics and Gynecology|
PG Diploma Course in Unani Medicine: There is a provision for the Postgraduate Diploma courses of 2years Duration in the following specialties:
- Amraz-e-Ain (Diploma in Ophthalmology)
- Amraz-e-Uzn, Anaf-wa-Halaq (Diploma in ear, nose and throat Diseases)
- Ilaj Bil-Tadbeer (Diploma in Regimental Therapy)
- Saidla (Diploma in Pharmacy)
Ph.D programme in Unani Medicine: Ph.D programme in Unani Medicine is available at National Institute of Unani Medicine in Moalijat (Medicine) subject with a minimum requirement of 3 years and maximum 7 years.
Ph.D programme in Interdisciplinary Research: Ph.D programme in interdisciplinary research is also available at Faculty of Medicine (Unani) and Faculty of Sciences, Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi with a minimum requirement of 3 years and maximum 7 years.
UG: Candidates who have passed in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English individually at the Higher Secondary examination and obtained a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Chemistry and Biology are eligible. The candidates should have passed 10th or 12th standard with Urdu or Arabic or Persian language as a subject or clear the test of Urdu in the Entrance Examinations conducted by University or Board or Registered society authorized by the Govt. to conduct such examination or the Pre-Tib Examination of one year duration.
PG: The qualification required for admission to Mahir-e-Tib/ Mahir-e-Jarahat course (MD- Unani/ MS- Jarahat) is BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) with at least 60% marks from any institution approved by Central council of Indian Medicine (CCIM).
PG Diploma: Candidates with a post graduate degree in Unani Medicine awarded by by a College/University recognized by CCIM, in concerned speciality (MD Unani / MS Jarahat) are eligible for admission to PG Diploma Course in Unani Medicine.
Regulation of these courses at the central level is done by the duly constituted body – CCIM under the CCIM Act.
Ph.D: Candidates with a post graduate degree awarded by Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences (RGUHS) or equivalent qualification awarded by a College/University recognized by CCIM/RGUHS in the concerned specialty are eligible for enrollment for Ph.D course in the Unani of this University.
Ph.D programme in Interdisciplinary Research:
Candidates with a post graduate degree Unani or equivalent qualification awarded by a College/University recognized by CCIM in the concerned specialty are eligible for enrollment for Ph.D course in the interdisciplinary research of this University.
National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) will be conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) for admission to the undergraduate medical courses in all medical institutions including those governed under any other law.
Relaxation in marks: In the case of BAMS/ BHMS/BSMS/BUMS courses, candidates belonging to SC/ST or SEBC, the minimum marks obtained in Physics, Chemistry and Biology taken together in qualifying examination shall be 40% instead of 50%. In respect of candidates included in the PwD quota list published by the Commissioner for Entrance Examinations the minimum marks obtained in Physics, Chemistry and Biology taken together in qualifying examinations shall be 45% instead of 50%.
Rank list Kerala: Rank list for MBBS/BDS/BHMS/BSMS/BUMS Courses will be prepared on the basis of rank obtained in NEET-UG 2020 subject to the Nativity conditions and also subject tothe qualifying criteria.
Reservation for All India Quota: Fifteen percent of the total sanctioned seats in BAMS/BHMS/BSMS/BUMS Courses in Government/Aided/Self-Financing colleges in the state are set apart for the allotment of candidates by the AYUSH Admission Central Counselling Committee (AACCC) on the basis of the rank obtained in the NEET-UG 2020 conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA), New Delhi,
Counselling: The Ministry of AYUSH will publish the official notification on its official website regarding the AYUSH UG admission with a centralized counselling schedule. The AYUSH Admission Central Counselling Committee (AACCC) will conduct the counselling for 15% All India Quota seats in Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy colleges throughout the country. Remaining seat through State Authority (State AYUSH Department or Medical Education Department or a Central University authorized by the Government and Ministry of AYUSH.
PG Entrance – AIAPGET: The National Testing Agency (NTA) has been entrusted by All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi (An Autonomous Organization under Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India) for conducting AIAPGET-2020. The All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA) is the Apex Institute for Ayurveda, established in 2010 under Society Registration Act 1860 as an autonomous organisation under the Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India.
AIAPGET- namely ‘All India AYUSH Post Graduate Entrance Test’ will be a single entrance examination for admission to Postgraduate AYUSH Courses for the academic session 2020-21. It includes All India (Open/other States) and State quota seats for admission to MD / MS / PG DIPLOMA Courses in Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha & Homeopathy system of medicine for all AYUSH Colleges, Institutions & Universities/ Deemed Universities across the country. AIAPGET-2020 conducted by NTA in Computer Based Test (CBT) mode.
Counseling: All the AIAPGET Post Graduate (Ayurveda/Siddha/Unani/Homeopathy ) aspirant candidates are hereby informed that Counseling for All India Quota seats including Government, Government Aided, Private/ Deemed Universities/Central Universities/National Institutes for the Post graduate session will be conducted by AYUSH Admissions Central Counseling Committee(AACCC), Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India.
Detail regarding counselling schedule/scheme/FAQ’s and eligibility will be updated at www.aaccc.gov.in time to time.
The demand for Unani professionals is increasing day by day due to the cost effectiveness, safety and easy availability of the unani medicines. These medicines are being used by the community for generations with proven results and acceptance. The boom in herbal industry has enhanced its demand.
Self-employment is the most popular option since it gives freedom of working hours and a good return. It is gaining a lot of importance due to upsurge in idiopathic, chronic, non-communicable, life style diseases and common ailments etc.
Though, the hospitals and nursing homes offer lucrative openings, medical professional are opting more for private practice.
Unani graduate doctors (BUMS) may opt to work for Central Government Health Scheme(CGHS). Employees State Insurance Scheme (ESI), Primary Health Centers, Unani Hospitals, Unani Health centers, Private nursing homes, Unani pharmacies, Central and State Government jobs. The can also join research centers or teaching institutes, State Government run Hospitals or Dispensaries. In some States like Utter Pradesh in Primary Health Centres (PHC) there is a provision of 3rd Medical Officer for Unani doctors.
Part time job is also available as Unani expert, advisors/consultants with the accreditation authorities and organisations. Unani Graduates can also work for business organizations, industries, schools and embassies as consultants.
Salary depends upon the experience and the capability of an individual. The earnings of a doctor through private practice depends on his/her popularity. The doctors who are working in government hospitals are also well paid.The pay varies in private sector.
Job Opportunities for Unani Medical professionals:
- Clinical Trials Laboratories (Pharmaceuticals)
- Clinical Trials Laboratories (Pharmaceuticals)
- Drug control Sector (State and Central Government)
- Drug manufacturing Units (Government, Private, Autonomous, Cooperative sectors)
- Government jobs in Hospitals, Dispensaries (State/Central/Local)
- Management and administration (Government and Private)
- Medical Tourism
- National AYUSH Mission
- National Health Mission (NHM)
- Nursing homes/Clinics/Health departments
- Private practice/self employment
- Research establishments (Central, State, Private Institutions)
- Research institutes and medical colleges as research officers (Scientist) Researchers)
- Third Party Administrator (TPA) in insurance sector
- Unani Medical colleges/Academic jobs (Teaching in U.G./PG institutions)
- Unani Pharmaceutical Companies
- Unani Speciality Centres (llaj bil Tadbeer (Regimental Therapy), Waja-ul- Mafaasil (Arthritis) speciality clinics etc.)