Biotechnology is one of the young courses in the education sphere. It is not very new as compared to other trades. However, it has made huge development in the very few spans of time. Biotechnology has been growing very rapidly and its development has covered almost every sector.

The importance and significance of biotechnology can be understood by the fact that its development has been associated with almost every field. The biodiversities are huge and thus the applications of technology to these bio diversities are also huge. The developments made in these spheres are basically for the benefit of mankind through these biodiversities.

Apart from that, one also requires to understand that the biological sphere we live in has to be tackled well. With the recent development of mankind, nature’s activities and chains have been greatly affected. Thus, the role of biotechnology here becomes to find out the best possible technological measure that does not disturb nature much and finally proves to be beneficial for mankind.

There are various kinds of microorganisms and small particles which need to be studied, and can be beneficial to mankind in various ways, such as they can help in manufacturing of some medicine, or their extractions can be used as vaccines.

Not only this, biotechnology also includes study and disposal mechanisms of various wastes. The waste of any type is studied properly under Biotechnology and thereafter ways are found to dispose of it properly, so that it does not harm any biological diversity. 


  • Agricultural Biotechnology
  • Animal Biotechnology
  • Environmental Biotechnology
  • Food  Biotechnology
  • Genetics
  • Genomics
  • Industrial Biotechnology
  • Marine Biotechnoloy
  • Medical Biotechnology
  • Pharmaceuticals Biotechnology
  • Plant Biotechnology
  • Water Biotechnology


Undergraduate Courses

  • E. Biotechnology
  • Tech in Biotechnology
  • Tech in Industrial Microbiology
  • Tech. Industrial Biotechnology
  • Bsc in Applied Biotechnology
  • Bsc in Biotechnology
  • Bsc in Medical Biotechnology

Postgraduate Courses

  • E – Bioinformatics
  • M.Tech. – Bioprocess Engineering
  • Tech. – Biotechnology
  • Tech. – Industrial Biotechnology
  • MSc – Biotechnology
  • MSc – Medical Biotechnology
  • MSc – Nanobiotechnology

M.Phil in Biotechnology: 1 year

P.hD in Biotechnology: Duration : 3 / 4  Years

Required Skills

Skills required to pursue a career in biotechnology:

  • Ability to work on your own
  • Ability to work well with others
  • Able to use computer and the main software packages competently
    Analytical thinking skills
  • Attention to detail
  • Excellent verbal communication skills
  • Knowledge of biology
  • Knowledge of chemistry including the safe use and disposal of chemicals
  • Mathematics knowledge

Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for the admission in various levels of degree and post graduates courses in biotechnology field are:

BSc Biotechnology: Duration :3 years. . Admission is on merit basis

Eligibility : Plus Two or equivalent in Science stream with Biology, Physics, Chemistry.

B.Tech in Biotechnology: Duration : 4 Years. Admission is on the basis of Entrance Examination like KEAM / JEE Main & Advanced

Eligibility: Plus Two or equivalent in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology

MSc  Biotechnology: Duration: 2 Years. Admission is on merit basis or Entrance Examination

Eligibility : BSc in Biotechnology/ Botany/ Zoology / Microbiology / Chemistry /  Physics /Agriculture / Veterinary / Fisheries Science / Pharmacy, etc.

M.Tech in Biotechnology: Duration : 2 Years

Eligibility : B.Tech Biotechnology / Chemical / Agriculture / Food Technology.

M.Phil in Biotechnology: Eligibility: M.Sc .

P.hD in Biotechnology 

Eligibility: MBBS/ M.Sc in  Biotechnology/ Botany / Zoology / Microbiology / Chemistry /  Physics/ Agriculture / Veterinary / Fisheries Science / Pharmacy etc.

Entrance Examination

Graduate Aptitude Test – Biotechnology (GAT- B), conducted by Regional Centre for Biotechnology,  Faridabad, New Delhi. (Previously known as Jawaharlal Nehru University Combined Entrance Examination for Biotechnology(JNU CEEB) for admission to 2 years M.Sc programmes in Biotechnology 

JEE Main & Advanced


Almost all Universities are conducting separate Entrance Examinations for MSc Biotechnology Admission.

Top 30 Competitive Entrance Exam List For Biotech Admissions

  • AIIMS Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • Alagappa University M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • Amity Institute of Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • Anna University Biotech Entrance Examination
  • Bharathiyar University Entrance Exam for Biotech
  • BHU M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance exam
  • Central University Biotechnology Entrance Exam, CUCET Entrance Exam
  • Christian Medical College (CMC, Vellore) Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • Common Entrance Test For Biotech Course Admission at Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University 
  • Faculty of Life Sciences and Environment Goa University Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • Himachal Pradesh University M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • IBAB Biotech Entrance Exam -Institute of Bioinformatics and Applied Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • ICAR AIEEA PG Entrance Exam
  • IIT JAM (Indian Institute Of Technology Joint Admissions Test For M.Sc)
  • IIT JAM Chennai Biotech entrance exam
  • IIT JAM Delhi Biotech entrance exam
  • Jamia Hamdard University M.Tech Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Combined Biotech Entrance Examination
  • JNTU Msc Biotech Entrance Exam
  • JNU CEEB – Combined Biotechnology Entrance Examination (CBEEE)
  • Karnataka University Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • Kasturba Medical College PG Medical Entrance Exam
  • Kurukshetra University Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • Madurai Kamaraj University Msc Biotech Entrance Exam
  • MS University of Baroda Biotechnology Entrance Exam
    Osmania University Hyderabad M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • TIFR Exam – Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Graduate School Admissions Exam
  • University of Delhi Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • University of Madras M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Exam
  • University of Mysore M.Sc Biotechnology Entrance Exam

There are several other Universities which offer Admission in Biotech via Msc Biotech Entrance Exams

Job Profiles

Job opportunities exist in the Agriculture, Fertilizer , Pharmaceutical Companies, Cosmetics and Food  Processing Industries in private and public sectors. One can find a job in Research Laboratories run by Govt, Universities and Institutes of Technology as well as Corporate sectors.Teaching faculties in Research Institutes, Universities and Colleges.

Other jobs:

  • Application Administrator
  • Junior Research Fellow
  • Project Assistant
  • Project Fellow
  • Research Associate
  • Scientific Officer
  • Vaccine Biologist

Top Recruiters

Some of the major recruiters are:

  • Bharat Biotech
  • Biocon India Ltd.
  • Himalaya Drug Company
  • Hindustan Antibiotics
  • Hindustan Lever Ltd
  • IDPL
  • NCL
  • Nestle

Most private companies recruiting BSc / B.Tech. / M.Tech. graduates for their various projects.

  • NFL
  • Panacea Biotech
  • Praj Industries
  • SRL Ranbaxy
  • Thapar Group
  • Wockhardt
  • Yashraj Biotechnology


Institutes in Kerala offering BSc Biotechnology

Institutes in Kerala offering M Sc Biotechnology 

Top Biotechnology Colleges in India

Bsc Biotechnology

B.Tech in Biotechnology

Leading Research Institutes in India

List of companies to join as a research assistant (Pharmaceuticals)

Questions & Answers​

Q) What is the scope of the BSc Biotechnology course?

A) Sc. in Biotechnology opens a wide field of chance in the fields of Medicine, Marine, Pharmaceutical, Industry, Agriculture, and Environment. They have the scope in zones of Agricultural, Chemical, Energy businesses, Food Industries, and other such.

Q) Why pursue a BTech Biotechnology?

A) There are many benefits of pursuing BTech Biotechnology, some of them are mentioned below:

  • Great Job opportunities: There are numerous job opportunities in Biotechnology right now, it is one of the fastest-growing industries in the world. After BTech Biotechnology, one can work in different roles like Microbiologist, Embryologist, Export & Import Specialist, Professor/Associate Professor, Executive, Biotechnology professors, among others. Students can also opt to move to other sectors like banking, finance too.
  • Future Prospect: In today’s world, everyone is aware that Biotechnology is one of the most promising industries in the world. Hence, the industry-related skills will be handy in future too.
  • Higher Studies: After this course, one can not only switch to many other sectors but also study further and do an MTech/ MS and PhD. Students can also opt to work as a researcher once they have completed their higher studies.
  • Higher Salary: Due to various options and various roles of choice, one can get a decent salary after the completion of the course. The median salary lies around 5 LPA but it can go as high as 15 LPA.
  • Entrepreneurship: Many students opt to be an entrepreneur after completing the course, thus exploring the field of Management and Administration.

Q) Can I become a Data Scientist after BTech Biotechnology?

A) Yes, one can become a data scientist after BTech Biotechnology, but the students have to ensure that they possess a sound knowledge of Machine learning and artificial intelligence.

Q) Normally What is the difference between BTech Biotechnology and BSc Biotechnology?

A) BTech Biotechnology is an academic course with the main focus towards practical knowledge while BSc Biotechnology is an academic course with more emphasis on theoretical knowledge.

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