Bachelor of Education (B.Ed)

One of the most demanded professions all over the world is teaching.Teaching is a noble profession.The profession of teaching is challenging and demanding one. In our country, a large part of the population belongs to the students category. The ratio between qualified teachers for students is not sufficient.This is the main reason behind the rising demand for teachers in India.

Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) is a professional training course that enables one to pursue a career in teaching after the completion of an undergraduate degree program. The B.Ed degree is necessary for teaching at the secondary and higher secondary divisions. The B.Ed course duration is typically two years with four semesters.This course can also be commonly known as Bachelor of Training or Shiksha Shastri.


B.Ed. course makes an individual, skilled in the efficient teaching of subjects based on accepted principles of learning and teaching. It develops our skills and widens our understanding so that we can impart quality education to our students. Teaching provides job satisfaction, job security, high earnings and a flexible schedule. After B.Ed., students can pursue a Master in Education (M.Ed.) in Indian universities.

The main subjects studied in the B.Ed course are:

  • Education, Culture and Human Values
  • Educational Evaluation and Assessment
  • Educational Psychology
  • Guidance and Counselling
  • Holistic Education
  • Philosophy of Education

There are a number of colleges offering B.Ed courses through distance education like IGNOU, NSOU, LSR and others.

Required Skills

Following are the skills required for teaching profession:

  • Confidence
  • Empathy
  • Enthusiasm
  • Good communication skills
  • Good organisation skills
  • Innovation
  • Interdisciplinary Approach
  • Patients
  • Quick Learner

Eligibility Criteria

  • Candidates need to have completed their graduation (different university has different criteria, Kindly check the university websites) 
  • One can also join a B.Ed degree after pursuing a master’s degree.
  • Most popular B.Ed colleges allow candidates to take part in their admission process for B.Ed courses if they have graduated with at least 50-55% aggregate marks at the UG level.
  • In Majority of colleges, there is no age bar. However, the admission process of some B.Ed colleges require candidates to be minimum 19 years in age.

Entrance Examination

For the admission process, most of the colleges and universities offer their own entrance examinations. Some universities conduct common entrance tests for the institutions under them. There are many colleges completing thier admission process by considering the undergraduate degree aggrigate marks.

Entrance exams are generally held in the month of June-July and consist of Objective type questions about English, General Knowledge, Aptitude, Basic Arithmetic Teaching Potential and one local language in some states. The results of these exams are generally out by July/Aug. Candidates go through practical training courses, apart from theory classes.

Some of the B.Ed entrance examinations are mentioned below:

  • DU Entrance Examination
  • Guru Nanak Dev University Entrance Examination
  • IGNOU B.Ed
  • JMI B.Ed
  • Mumbai University Entrance Examination
  • Punjab Entrance exam  

Job Profiles

  • Content Writer
  • Content writer
  • Counsellor
  • Education Consultant
  • Education Departments
  • Education Researcher
  • Instructor
  • Online Tutor
  • Principal
  • Private Tutor
  • Publishing House
  • School Teachers
  • Vice Principal

Top Recruiters

  • Government and Private Schools
  • National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)
  • National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA)


National level universities/institutions:

  Name of the university/institution  City
  Bangalore University   Bangalore
  SRM College   Chennai
  Annamalai University   Cuddalore
  University of Calcutta   Kolkata
  SNDT Women’s University   Mumbai
  Central Institute of Education (Department of Education of the Delhi University)   New Delhi
  Delhi University   New Delhi
  Indira Gandhi National Open University(IGNOU)   New Delhi
  Jamia Millia Islamia   New Delhi
  Amity University   Noida
  Banaras Hindu University (BHU)   Varanasi

Universities in Kerala:

  Name of the university  City
  Kannur University   Kannur
  Kerala University   Thiruvananthapuram
  MG University   Kottayam
  University of Calicut   Malappuram

Colleges in Kerala:

  Name of the institution  City
  ST. Thomas College of Teacher Education - Pala   Kottayam
  A.W.H.College of Education   Kozhikode
  Farook Training College   Kozhikode
  Govt. College of Teacher Education   Kozhikode
  KMCT College of Teacher Education - Manasseri   Kozhikode
  NSS Training College   Ottappalam
  Kerala University of Teacher Education   Pathanamthitta
  Keyi Sahib Training College   Taliparamba
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