Opportunities after 10th

Most students are getting confused about what to study after 10 th class. Students up to 10th class are studying general subjects. After that it has to select a specific  stream for further study. Choosing the right stream after 10th is an important task for every student life. The stream/course that he/she chooses after 10th will play a huge role in shaping his/her career path. 

There are multiple courses and streams avaliable to study after 10 and require a good plan for the next stage of studying. The Following are some of the courses to pursue after 10th:

  • Certificate Courses
  • Diploma Courses
  • Intermediate (Plus 2) Courses
  • ITI Courses

Certificate Courses

These are courses with duration 3 months to 2 years and provide training in the concerned fields.

KGCE Courses: Kerala Govt. Certificate Examination in Engineering [KGCE] courses are Recognised by Kerala Govt. Technical Education and duration of the course is 2 years. Some of the courses are:

  • Automobile Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Electronics & Communication Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Radio & Television Engineering
  • Refrigeration & Air-conditioning Engineering

Computer Certificate Courses:

  • Animation
  • Computer Hardware
  • Computer Programming Certification course
  • Data Entry Operator
  • Digital Marketing
  • Graphics
  • Internet
  • Network 
  • Tally
  • Web Designing

Agricultural Certificate Courses:

  • Certificate in Bee Keeping (CIB)
  • Certificate in Poultry Farming (CPF)
  • Certificate in Sericulture (CIS)

Paramedical Certificate Courses:

  • CT scan technician
  • Dental assistant
  • ECG assistant
  • Medical laboratory assistant
  • MRI technician
  • Nursing care assistant
  • Operation theatre assistant
  • X-ray /radiology assistant

Other Certificate Courses: 

  • Air Ticketing
  • Apparel Technology
  • Beauty Therapist
  • CCTV technician
  • Company accountant
  • Cyber Laws
  • Dairy Technology
  • Fashion Technology
  • Fire & Safety
  • Fisheries Science
  • Food Processing
  • FootWear Technology
  • GPS
  • Hairdressing
  • Healthcare
  • Income Tax certification
  • Interior Designing
  • Jewellery Designing
  • Land Surveying
  • Lift Technology
  • Mobile repairing
  • Organic Grower
  • Photography
  • Sales Executive
  • Solar Photovoltaic System Installer
  • Video Editing

Diploma Courses

The diploma courses are professional courses with industry-focused and offer hands-on training in the respective field so that seeking jobs becomes easier. The different diploma courses in various fields are as follows:

  • Diploma in Agriculture
  • Diploma in Architectural Assistants
  • Diploma In Art Teaching
  • Diploma In Beautician
  • Diploma In Commercial Art
  • Diploma in Engineering (PolyTechnic) 
  • Diploma in Fire & Safety
  • Diploma In Food Technology
  • Diploma in Hotel Managements
  • Diploma in Marine Fields
  • Diploma in Medical fields

Diploma in Engineering (PolyTechnic): This is related to the engineering field with three years duration.

  • Diploma in Aeronautical
  • Diploma in Automobile
  • Diploma in Biomedical
  • Diploma in Biotechnology
  • Diploma in Ceramic Technology
  • Diploma in Chemical
  • Diploma in Civil
  • Diploma in Computer Science
  • Diploma in Electrical
  • Diploma in Electrical & Electronics
  • Diploma in Electronics & Communication
  • Diploma in Industrial & Production
  • Diploma in Instrumentation Technology
  • Diploma in Interior Decoration
  • Diploma in Library Science
  • Diploma in Mechanical
  • Diploma in Mechatronics
  • Diploma in Modern Office Practice
  • Diploma in TelecommunicationDiploma in Textile Technology

Diploma in Agriculture: Diploma in Agriculture is a 2 years full-time diploma course in Agriculture. Every college and university has its own eligibility criteria, admission process, fees structure, and syllabus for this course.Students who have interest in Agriculture and its related areas can opt this course.

Diploma in Paramedical fields: Diploma in Paramedical courses are job oriented courses which trains students to be familiar with the healthcare industry. Duration of course is one to two years depending on the specific field and institutes. After completing these courses a candidate gets technician or assistant level jobs in health care and allied sector. Some institutions preferred the 12 th standard for some courses. So it is required to verify the eligibility criteria well in advance.  Some of the courses are as follows:

  • Diploma in Anesthesia Technology
  • Diploma in Dental Technician
  • Diploma in Dialysis Technology
  • Diploma in ECG Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Record Technology
  • Diploma in Nursing Care Assistance
  • Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology
  • Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology
  • Diploma in Physiotherapy
  • Diploma in Radiography and Medical Imaging
  • Diploma in Sanitary Inspector
  • Diploma in X-ray Technology

Diploma in Architectural Assistants: This course is related to the field of architecture. The course duration is 3 years.

Diploma in Fire & Safety: This course is related to fire and safety to ensure a safe working environment for workers. It has high demand abroad.

Diploma in Hotel Managements: The duration of the course is two years. The eligibility criteria vary depending on the institute. Students will learn about the skills required in hospitality management.

Diploma In Food Technology: Courses related to food processing, production etc

Diploma in Marine Fields: A wide range of diplomas is offered in the marine field. The employment opportunities are plenty because of the booming marine industry. Some of the top courses are diploma in marine engineering, marine technology, etc

Diploma In Commercial Art: It focuses on the selling of goods and services in the advertising field.. One can find jobs in advertising companies, publishing houses, art studios and fashion houses.

Diploma In Art Teaching: This is a two-year programme that trains candidates in the fundamental principles of visual and design experience.

Diploma In Beautician : This course  will train in body care. Candidates can get employment at beauty salons.The duration of the course ranges from three months to one year, depending on the institute.

ITI Courses: ITI or Industrial Training Institute are training centers to train students in performing certain tasks to enable them to get a job by the end of course duration. These courses can be technical as well as non-technical and students can pick one according to their preferences. ITI is under government and ITC (industrial Training Center) are private institutes, both certificates are issued by National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT).

Followings are some of the trades under engineering and non engineering category in ITI/ ITC:

Engineering Trades:

  • Architectural Assistant
  • Automobile
  • Draughtsman (Civil)
  • Driver Cum Mechanic (Light Motor Vehicle)
  • Electrician
  • Electroplater
  • Interior Decoration and Designing
  • Machinist
  • Mechanic (Diesel)
  • Mechanic (Radio & TV)
  • Mechanic (Refrigeration and Air Conditioning)
  • Mechanic Consumer Electronics
  • Mechanic Medical Electronics
  • Mechanic Tractor
  • Photographer
  • Plastic Processing Operator
  • Plumber
  • Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
  • Sheet Metal Worker
  • Surveyor
  • Tool & Die Maker (Dies & Moulds)
  • Tool and Die Making
  • Welder

Non Engineering Trades:

  • Baker and Confectioner
  • Cabin / Room Attendant
  • Computer Operator & Programming Assistant
  • Craftsman Food Production
  • Creche Management
  • Dairying
  • Data Entry Operator
  • Dental Laboratory Technician
  • Dress Making
  • Event Management Assistant
  • Food & Beverage Services
  • Food Production
  • Hair and Skin Care
  • Housekeeper
  • Multimedia, Animation, Special Effects
  • Old Age Care
  • Spa Therapy
  • Travel Tour Assistant

Intermediate (Plus 2) Courses

Intermediate (Plus 2) course is two years of schooling after grade 10 and there are different courses as follows:

  • Higher Secondary
  • Technical Higher Secondary
  • Vocational Higher Secondary

Higher Secondary

Higher secondary course is school class 11 and 12 and mainly consists of three streams. 

  • Commerce
  • Humanities
  • Science

Which Stream to Select? 

Every student has a unique set of skills, strengths, and weaknesses and hence it is very important to choose the best suitable course from the top courses after 10th class. It is better to be aware about the scope and opportunities available after each subject or stream. 

Commerce Stream: Students can opt for commerce stream for those who have Interest in commerce as well as better in numbers, economy and business fields. can. In today’s digital age, commerce has a lot of opportunities in all areas of technology. The major subjects are Economics, Accountancy and Business Studies.

A commerce stream student can pursue his further study in Commerce,Economics, Journalism, Social Science, Humanities, Literature, Arts / Visual (Fine) , Law, Management, Animation, Travel & Tourism, Hospitality etc. According to the courses and the subsequent competitive exams, there is opportunity to reach in the careers such as civil service, banking, insurance, chartered accountant, teachers, management professionals, lawyers, air hostesses / cabin crew etc 

Humanities Stream: The Humanities Scholar has a role to play in all subjects related to society. The stream covers a wide range of subjects including history, politics, economics, languages, literature, law, philosophy, religion, performing arts, music, fine arts, anthropology, archeology, communication, sociology, psychology etc. So before choosing topics, find out what are the subjects in this stream, choose the good options according to students interest and taste.

Students can move on further to take up courses in education, literature, languages, mass media, communication, arts, design, management, law and more. According to the courses and further competition exams, careers oppertunities are available in the fields of Civil Service, Teaching, Law, Hospitality, Design, Journalism, Mass Communication, Logistics, Aviation, Travel, Tourism, Economics, Politics, Psychology etc.

It employs people with expertise in the humanities, such as the environment, geology, corporate social programs, surveys, and market regulation. From the smallest post in the panchayat to the highest post in the United Nations, the potential is for humanitarian issues.

Science Stream: It is the study of science and students who have interest and aptitude in science can select this stream. The main subjects are Physics (P), Chemistry (C), Mathematics (M) & Biology (B). According to the student’s interest, he/she can choose the combination PCM or PCMB or PCB.

A student having PCB or biology in 12th standard can pursue his further study in medical, pharmacy, science (except maths related) and all arts/commerce group fields such as Literature, Management, Law, Physical Education, Pharmacy, Pilot Training, Fire & Safety, Mass Communication, Journalism, Foreign Languages ​​and many more. According to the courses and the subsequent competitive exams, there is opportunity to reach in the careers such as civil service, doctors, physiotherapists, scientists, teachers, management professionals, lawyers, pharmacists, nurses, air hostesses / cabin crew, fashion designers etc

A student having PCM or Math in 12th standard can pursue his further study in engineering, technology, pharmacy, architecture, science (except biology related) and all art/commerce group fields. Depending on the course chosen, there are many job opportunities in the field of  engineers, scientists, teachers, management professionals, lawyers, architects, commercial pilots, air hostesses, cabin crew, pharmacists etc. 

A student having PCMB can opt courses and reach a career for both PCM & PCB related streams. For those with an interest in science and confusion over engineering or medicine, this group may be the best choice. They have more time to select the field of their choice and are more likely to opt for engineering, biology or math courses if they didn’t get the most competent field of medicine.

Tips to Select Best Stream

Deciding what to do after Class 10 is a crucial decision and should never be taken in a hurry. To simplify this process, followings are  a few simple guidelines.

1. Assess your Aptitude: An aptitude is something that you either do well or have the ability to do well. It is very important to understand your aptitude; whether it is in the field of technology, health, economy, social work, public service, management, arts, sports or any other field. Aptitude tests will help to find out one’s ‘range’ and ‘abilities’.

If you are unable to understand yourself, you should undergo an aptitude test to find out. These tests are conducted in many institutions / agencies and also online tests are available. You can also approach CDAT, an aptitude test conducted by CIGI.

2. Assess your area of interests and passion: It is very important to understand what your inner interest is. Identify which subject, topic or career option excites you. You can do something for a lifetime and still be happy and satisfied with it, only if you truly enjoy it. Therefore, irrespective of which stream you pick, make sure that you find the subjects covered under it interesting with passion.

It can be tested with a simple procedure as follows. Sit calmly and keep a paper and pen in hand. Think about your area of ​​interest. What are you interested in? Write on paper. Of course there may be more than one entry. Write them all down on paper. After that, read the entire list. Avoid the area that interests you the most first. After that skip the next uninteresting area. Continue this process. One area will be left at the end. That will be your area of ​​interest.

3. Analyse your Strengths & Weaknesses: Understand your strengths in subjects. It may be science, it may be more like maths, or it’s physics or biology. If you are weak in science subjects (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology), it will be difficult to study the science stream. If you are good with basic arithmetic, opt for PCM. If you are very good in Science, like Biology more and weak in maths, it is beneficial to choose PCB.  If you are best in economics and statistics then choosing Commerce Stream. Therefore, you must do a thorough analysis of your skills and abilities, determine your strengths and weaknesses and pick a stream that is in accordance with your strengths.

4. Understand streams and career paths: There are many courses available to choose after ten such as Higher Secondary, Vocational Higher Secondary, THSC, Poly Diploma, ITI, KGCE Certificate courses, Food Craft courses and other Short Term Certificate courses as well as vocational courses. It is better to get information about the details of important topics in each stream, course duration, learning difficulties, available career paths, scope, boards of education and institutes. It will help to find the right path that suits you best.

5. Use Education Counselling: A qualified education counselor will be able to understand you and find a stream that suits you best. If counseling facilities are available, use them with parents. This will help parents and you to get clear ideas about the course, career path and choose the best. You can use the advantage of the counseling facilities provided by CIGI.

6. Check career prospects, scope and possibilities to a stream: Analyze each stream and check out career prospects associated with it. Some streams give access to diverse job opportunities. The key is to find out what the future in that field will be like. Will its demand reduce or slow down in the future. You must try to find answers to these questions and it will definitely help to select a course with high opportunities.

7. Make use of field trips: Field trip is a trip to the workplace related to the career you’re interested in. For example- suppose you want to become a Doctor. Field trip will help you find whether the work environment will suit you or not. Visit the nearest hospital and take note of the work environment of a Doctor. You may also take note of his/her schedule. If necessary, you may also indulge in a chat session and learn more about the trade from the Doctor. This will help you find out whether the job of a Doctor suits you or not.

At first, it may seem silly. But there have been cases where field trips have helped students take the right decision.

Vocational Higher Secondary

This course is designed to prepare a skilled workforce in one or more trades or jobs along with 11 th and 12 th class. The objective of the course is to enhance individuals’ employability and a distinct stream intended to prepare students for identified occupations.

In kerala VHSE provides all the mainstream (science, commerce, humanities) with three subjects along with a vocational subject related to the stream. There are more than 35 vocational trades available in VHSE.

There is a facility to study vocational subjects with CBSE curriculam

Some of the vocational subjects are as follows:

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Accountancy and Taxation
  • Air-conditioning and Refrigeration
  • Auto Shop Repair and Practice
  • AutomotiveBanking
  • Banking and Insurance
  • Beauty and Wellness
  • Business Administration
  • Business Operations and Administration
  • Capital Market Operations
  • Civil Engineering Technician
  • Clinical Biochemistry and Microbiology
  • Computer Theory & System Analyst
  • Construction Technology
  • Cost Accounting Creche and Pre-school Management
  • Database Management Applications
  • Design and Innovation
  • Electrical Appliances
  • Electrical Machines
  • Electrical Technology
  • Electronics Technology
  • Environment Education
  • Exterior & Interior Design
  • Fashion Design and Garment Technology
  • Financial Accounting
  • Financial Market Management
  • Food and Beverage Services
  • Food Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Food Production
  • Front Office Operations
  • Garment Construction
  • Geospatial Technology
  • Graphic Design Technician
  • Health and Beauty Studies
  • Healthcare Science
  • Horticulture
  • Hospitality Management
  • Information Technology Insurance
  • IT Application
  • Library and Information Science
  • Logistics Operations and Supply Chain Management
  • MarketingMarketing and Salesmanship
  • Mass Media Studies and Production
  • Mechanical Engineering Technician
  • Medical Diagnostics
  • Music Production
  • Office Procedures and Practice
  • Office Secretaryship
  • Offset Printing Technician
  • Operations and Maintenance of Communication Devices
  • Retail Operations
  • Salesmanship
  • Security
  • Stenography and Computer Application
  • Taxation
  • Telecommunication & Electronic Technician
  • Textile Design
  • Transport Systems and Logistics Management
  • Travel and Tourism
  • Troubleshooting and Maintenance of Electronic Equipment
  • Typography and Computer Application
  • Web Applications
  • X-Ray Technician

Technical Higher Secondary

Technical Higher Secondary courses are focussed on giving due significance to Vocational education with better knowledge and practice right from the beginning to those who aim higher education in science & technology subjects. 

The courses available under this stream are Physical Science and Integrated Science.  Physical Science is a course combination of English, Computer Science and IT, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Electronic system which would enable the students who are interested in further studies in courses connected with Engineering.  Similarly, Integrated Science with subject combinations English, Computer Science and IT, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology is the better choice for those who aim at Medical, Para Medical courses.

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